How to construct a Successful Marital life

Every few faces some challenges and bumps along the way of marriage. Yet a successful marriage usually takes work, as any relationship truly does, and it’s imperative that you keep a positive perspective and stay committed in the face of troubles.

Inspite of what we might have heard in the movies or from our friends, successful marriages do happen overnight. And even the best couples experience moments of resentment or anger.

So, just how can you spot these times and prevent them from sabotaging the relationship?

The is to seek out help early on. That’s mainly because half of pretty much all marriages that end do in the 1st seven years, and if that you simply unhappy together with your partner or perhaps marriage for some time, it’s time to talk.

A happy marriage starts with amazing advantages. A marriage built to last commences with a dedication to steering clear of harsh and negative communications, like criticism, contempt, defensiveness and stonewalling (withdrawing and shutting down).

In fact , groundwork shows that a five-to-one ratio of positive to negative friendships is known as a strong predictor of accomplishment in a marital relationship. It means, for every snide comment or outburst, there should be five great interactions, such as a kiss, an endearing smile, a compliment or an intentional occasion of listening to hear the other person’s viewpoint.

That ratio might not appear to be a lot, nonetheless it’s actually rather high to get married folks who suffer from been together for any long time and happen to be in good health. And it’s a ratio that’s required to drop in a short amount of time, which is why it’s hence critical to ramp up the amount of positives.

It also signifies that each partner has to make an attempt to do the part. Which means apologizing just for the hurtful words or actions, taking responsibility and making return when feasible.

Lastly, it implies that each partner has to recognize their blemishes and work with them with each other. That might imply a change in behavior or possibly a different ways to problem-solving.

But what makes it all of the worthwhile is that couples so, who work on all their weaknesses at first of matrimony are far less likely review to acquire conflicts and issues that will derail the relationship at a later date, and even cause divorce. So if you can get your partner to know that the flaws could be an unavoidable part of staying human, it can be much easier to move forward together and solve gross conflicts.

Stadtwanderung durch die Helvetische Republik und ihre erste Hauptstadt Aarau

Meine Stadtwanderung durch Aarau gedeiht weiter. Der rote Faden besteht darin, wie die Gewaltenteilung erstmals auf dem Boden der Schweiz realisiert werden sollte. Die Helvetische Republik von 1798, deren erste Hauptstadt Aarau war, bot die beste Gelegenheit dazu.

Plan Osterrieth von 1798 um das mittelalterliche Aarau durch ein modernes Quartier zur Hauptstadt zu machen

Für meine Wanderung habe ich 10 Stationen zusammengestellt, die ich hier gerne kurz vorstelle. Erste Austragung soll nächsten Donnerstag sein, wenn ich mit der Redaktion von #Swissinfo auf den Mitarbeitenden-Tag durch den Aargau gehe.

Ein Bild, das draußen, Baum, Gebäude, Himmel enthält.

1. Station: Alte Kanti
Erstes laizistisches Gymnasium der Schweiz, ursprünglich von Heinrich Pestalozzi inspiriert, das auch als erste Schule Turnen im Freien (Telliring) einführte

Ein Bild, das Gebäude, draußen, alt, Verwaltungsgebäude enthält.

2. Station: Meyer-Haus
Unternehmervilla, für deren Bau kurz vor der Revolution ein unterirdischer Stollen zur Entwässerung realisiert wurde, und in deren Keller eine Seidenbandfabrik war

Ein Bild, das Text, draußen, Gebäude, Auto enthält.

3. Station: Laurenzenvorstadt
total 15 Wohnhäuser im klassizistischen Stil für Beamte, von denen vier schnell fertig wurden, der Rest sich aber 25 Jahre hinzog

Ein Bild, das draußen, Gebäude, Verwaltungsgebäude, hoch enthält.

4. Station: Rathaus der Stadt
Ort, wo die Nationalversammlung die Verfassung vom 12. April 1798 beriet und wo die Republik danach ausgerufen wurde, erster Sitz des Parlaments und Gerichts

Ein Bild, das Baum, draußen, Haus, Gebäude enthält.

5. Station: Haus im Schlossgarten
Ort, wo das fünfköpfige Vollzugsdirektorium tagte, das die Regierungsgeschäfte erledigte

Ein Bild, das Straße, draußen, Gebäude, Verwaltungsgebäude enthält.

6. Station: Amtshaus
Ort, wo die Ministerien untergebracht wurden, das die Reformen der Landwirtschaft, der Steuern, der Schulen und ähnlichem realisieren musste

Ein Bild, das Baum, Gras, draußen, Pflanze enthält.

7. Station: Heinrich Zschokke Denkmal:
Schriftsteller aus Magdeburg, liberaler Staatsphilosoph, der als Schulreformer im neuen Kanton Aargau amtete und als Redaktor des Schweizerboten wirkte

Ein Bild, das Gebäude, draußen, alt, Verwaltungsgebäude enthält.

8. Station: Stadtbibliothek
Ort, wo der Stadtplaner das neue Nationaltheater bauen wollte, was aber nicht zustande kam, weil Aarau nicht mehr Hauptstadt war

Ein Bild, das Gebäude, draußen, Personen, Verwaltungsgebäude enthält.

9. Station: Vereinshaus
Ort, wo der Grosse Rat der Republik hinzog, weil es Rathaus zu eng war und sich die beiden Parlamentskammern wechselseitig störten

Ein Bild, das Himmel, draußen, grün, Gebäude enthält.

10. Station: Dach des Kunsthauses
Ort, von dem man die heutige Kantonregierung, das Parlament und Teil des Gerichts auf einmal sieht

In die Wanderung einfliessen lasse ich übrigens, wie Franziska Romana von Hallwil, eigentlich aus adeligem Haus die Revolution in Aarau nach Kräften unterstützte.


PS: Weniger erbaulich war heute, dass mich die Kantonspolizei anhielt, als ich das Foto vom Haus im Schlossgarten (Nr. 5) machte, angeblich, weil ich Leute abfotografiere. Als ich auf mein Recht, das zu machen bestand, wollte sie mich zur Personenkontrolle mit auf dem Polizeiposten (im Amtshaus Nr. 6) mitnehmen.
Und ich dachte, das Ancien Regime sei in Aarau als erster Ort der Schweiz vor 224 Jahren überwunden worden …

Asian Family Customs

Asian family traditions encompass a wide range of valuations and procedures. These include: sucursal piety (respect for one’s parents); family cohesion and responsibility; self-control sexy lebanese men and personal self-discipline; emphasis on educational achievement; value for authority; reverence intended for the elderly (filial piety); and interdependence of families and individuals.

Filial piety is based on the teachings of Confucius, who inserted great importance on a parent’s purpose as a guardian of children. Filial piety is very important in many Asian cultures, specially in China and Japan. The family is seen as the primary strategy to obtain one’s individuality, and the child is anticipated to follow her or his parents’ lead.

Gender Relations in Asian Individuals

For most Cookware families, gender roles happen to be traditionally vertical — father to son and son to daughter. In a few families, guys are expected to work, and women to provide household services and care for the children and elderly.

A woman is very close to her children and frequently lives in the same house like them. This is particularly common in Chinese people, along with Asian diaspora communities that have moved beyond Asia.

In China way of life, children are frequently expected to help their parents, especially if they are simply old and sick. They are going to assist in baking and cleaning, and in the case of hurt or elderly people, they may assist with bathe these people.

Young ladies are also inspired to become fabulous. This is just one way of making them appealing to their parents and others, and it helps to bring success in marriage for the whole family.

This is also a way of keeping the family collectively, as it permits daughters to remain near their mothers and sisters. This is not precisely the same in American society wherever it is common for women to be unbiased and pursue their own pursuits, rather than having to choose between them and their fathers.

As a result, we have a higher amount of pressure upon females in Asian ethnicities than in American society to be in physical form beautiful. They sometimes are expected to maintain their appearance, and may think that if they do not glance as good as their mother or sister they do not be able to look for a husband who will be willing to be around them.

These elements can make it hard for Hard anodized cookware women to get the right partner. They are also vulnerable to developing sadness because they may not be as eye-catching as their parents expect.

Several Asian-American people still practice traditional ethnical practices, such as using rice in their meals, while others own embraced the Western culture of eating meats or dairy food. Eating out is a superb choice among most Hard anodized cookware families, and sharing food is a very common practice.

Despite these types of differences in their family members practices, a solid majority of Asian-Americans believe that their particular parents must have some affect over the decision with their children’s husband and wife. They issue whether the majority of American father and mother put enough pressure on their kids to try well in university and say that parents really should have some affect over the choice of a career for his or her adult children.

15 Tips For Successful Relationships

Having a effective relationship is definitely something everyone wants, but it can be hard to arrive there. But it hasn’t got to be in the event you know what to get doing make in the hard work.

Whether you’re beginning a new romantic relationship or have been with each other for some time, these twelve tips will let you keep your relationship on the right course. By following all of them, you’ll be able to construct a strong relationship and make your spouse feel enjoyed and maintained.

1 . Likely be operational and honest – Relationships are made on trust, but it’s not hard to break that trust when you don’t communicate clearly. A prospering relationship is normally a partnership in which both parties are honest about their requirements and expectations.

installment payments on your Communicate your emotions — It’s important to tune in to your partner when they talk about their thoughts and opinions, even though you disagree with them. This will likely build goodwill and make your romantic relationship even more receptive to switch when necessary.

3. Respect the partner’s limitations – Healthy romantic relationships require common respect between the partners. Therefore knowing in which each person’s restrictions lie and understanding so why they’re set in place.

some. Talk about the desired goals – It’s important to have some shared vision for what you want away of your relationship. This could include the things you hope to achieve mutually, how you plan to deal with certain problems in the future and how you’d like your marriage to evolve over time.

five. Support your companion – A very good relationship is one exactly where both associates support one another in the long run. This includes celebrating tiny victories and lending a hand the moment problems arise.

6. Support your partner’s goals – You will need to have an obvious idea of what you expect in the future, and also to work at achieving many desired goals together. This will keep your spouse happy and feeling a sense of achieving success.

7. Value your spouse – A successful relationship is the one that is built on appreciation. This may be achieved by giving your spouse praise with regards to achievements or allowing for them to feel very special by doing stuff that they enjoy.

8. Be patient — It’s important to remember that folks change over time. It is difficult to understand as to why your partner basically acting for the reason that that they once does, but the real truth is they are people and have their particular priorities and preferences.

on the lookout for. Skimp on – 2 weeks . given in a healthful relationship that both partners need to accept and compromise with one another on a regular basis. It’s also important to be clear with regards to your needs and would like in the relationship so that you can workout a fair exchange.

Having healthful communication is definitely probably the most important factors of a successful relationship, and it is something that you should shoot for every day. This includes communicating clearly and directly with regards to your needs, compromising above disagreements and complimenting your partner when you can.

10. Pick up on your partner’s body language – A prosperous relationship is one where each are able to pick up on every single other’s nonverbal cues, such as face expressions and body poses. It’s also important to read your partner’s responses after they speak.

The right way to Meet Women Online

When it comes to meeting women on the net, it is important to find out what to do. mailorder russian brides There are a number of things that you can not do. For example , you should certainly avoid requesting her amount and meeting her in a dark alley at night.

Working out is a potent aphrodisiac for women like us

Aphrodisiacs are foods or supplements which have been purported to boost sexual performance and pleasure. They are really named after the Greek empress of love, Aphrodite.

There are many aphrodisiacs to choose from. Many are considered safe and effective, whilst others are not. It is recommended to read the labels on over-the-counter aphrodisiacs before with them. If you have any questions, make sure you consult a health care professional.

The most common sexual problems among men will be erectile dysfunction and premature ejaculation. Whilst these are an indication of an fundamental medical condition, they are often cared for with counseling or prescription drugs. Sexual dysfunction can also be viewed with aphrodisiacs.

Foods that have been deemed aphrodisiacs involve watermelon and chocolate. These happen to be rich in nutrients, which can relax blood vessels and increase nitric acid. Additionally , these items consist of vitamins and minerals.

Getting started a sporting activities team

Subscribing a sports group is a really good way to generate friends. If you perform competitively or not really, being part of a group is a great approach to meet persons. There’s nothing really like having teammates to support you through the good and bad times.

Should you be considering joining a sports staff, be sure to seek information. You’ll want to be sure that you’re not coming into something that’s a complete waste of resources. For instance, there’s no point in investing in a little league if you can’t appear to online games and practices.

The easiest way to find out is usually to visit any local rec center or sports league. These types of companies will be more than happy to assist you in finding a crew to join. They will also have various events through which to participate.

Joining a residential area

It’s no secret that women drive 70-80% of consumer getting decisions. This is when online communities appear in. Women certainly are a social creature and are seeking to make cable connections. A community can offer them with the ideal people in the right time. Whether you’re looking for a spouse for a new business or a lifelong friend, a residential area can serve as a jumping off point.

There are many web 20 to choose from yet it’s best to find the one that is targeted on your particular interests. For example , should you be into foodie stuff, a farmer’s marketplace is an excellent place to locate like minded individuals. If you’re more of a consumer, a selling mall may be a better choice. They are all great places to discover a new friend or two.

Prevent asking for the telephone number

When you match a woman on the net, the enticement is to check with her on her behalf phone number. Yet there are a few what you should take into account before requesting her out. You should delay until you see indications that she is interested in you before requesting her out. This will give you time to prepare a great impression and get her fired up. However , you need to remember that you really should not be overly eager or challenging. It’s far better to be innovative than being overbearing.

Opt for the circumstances of the achieving. For example , you might like to wait until you could have a clear thought of how you’ll be spending your time together. In case you are both excited to meet, you may ask her to set up a time frame for the same day time.

Top 5 Questions to Ask Online Dating Just before Meeting

The right internet dating questions may help you help to make a successful reference to your next potential date. These kinds of online dating concerns will help you find out if the person you will be talking to may be the right one for you and regardless of whether you have a total connection with all of them.

What was the first impression of me?

This can be one of the most important online dating services inquiries because it will give you a good idea with what the person you are talking to thinks. It also helps you know how to approach them. It’s a great way to buy them talking about themselves and begin the dialogue on a great note!

That which was your favorite element about my personal profile?

This kind of question can be a bit awkward, but it surely can tell you a whole lot about anybody you are discussing with. It can let you understand if they are timid or offered to talking about themselves, which will be helpful for your relationship. It may likewise help you see if they are a superb fit to your lifestyle and preferences.

So what do you like to perform for fun?

This really is a great issue to ask as it will show you what the person you will be talking to wants to do within their leisure time. It will also allow you to find out if they are someone who enjoys going out to parties or if they prefer to rest at home with a show around the TV.

So what do you like to do on weekends?

This might appear some more corny, but it really is a very entertaining issue to ask. It will probably tell you what the person you are discussing with likes performing on their off days and will also assist you in finding out in the event they have any interests which you may share.

What do you think are the most effective favorite activities to do in the town?

This can be a wonderful icebreaker because it allows you to speak about your favorite places to search in your city and perhaps even introduce you to some of your favorite spots in theirs. It can also bring about some fun discussion posts by what you would like to carry out together in the event that you where to meet up inside the city.

Exactly what you trying to find in a romantic relationship?

This is a common online dating problem because it will be able to tell you if the person you are talking to is interested in getting right into a serious marriage. It can also assist you to figure out which kind of relationship you are looking for and if the individual you are conversing with is an individual you would be willing to spend time with in the long run.

What are your biggest going out with pet peeves?

This can help you discover if the person you are talking to is a good meet for yourself and if they may have any solid dating pet peeves that they rarely want you to know about. It can also be a sensible way to prevent any concerns in your forthcoming relationship.

Web based Relationship Sites

Online romance sites is really an increasingly popular approach to meet persons. They allow you to search for people who are also searching for a date, plus they tend to be free. They also offer a variety of strategies to communicate with potential dates, such as email or text messaging.

They are simply a great way to meet up with people who write about your beliefs and values. If you are looking for a night out with an individual who is religious, or just someone to hold away with, these websites can help you find the appropriate person.

These sites can be a great destination to meet public in your area so, who don’t live close by. Should you be a busy specialist, these sites can be helpful for finding time to meet man.

One of the best things about these sites is they can match you with thousands of potential pals who have precisely the same interests because you. This makes it better to find a match.

Christian Mingle is among the best online dating sites for Christians because it is dedicated to supporting members get partners who all are spiritually appropriate. The site has got over 2. 5 mil users globally, and your exclusive community helps users meet others with identical beliefs.

Another great factor about Christian Mingle is that it doesn’t assess its associates or their faith. This means that you may discuss subject areas like religious beliefs, baptism, and ay matrimony with no to consider any opinion from other individuals.

It could be important to note, however , the particular sites are not a substitute for face-to-face communication. As you can speak through email or text, a real-life match is the only approach to really get to know someone and decide if they are a good match for everyone.

There are many different types of over the internet relationship sites, so it is crucial that you choose the one that ideal you. It is also a good idea to prevent signing up for even more than one internet site because it might take up a whole lot of your time.

OkCupid may be a website and app that is designed to make it easy for you to find to start a date. It uses a questionnaire to look for the compatibility among both you and other people. The answers to this questions are used to create a “compatibility credit. ” Upon having your compatibility score, you are able to look through background of others and make a decision who you need to message first.

Also you can use this site in order to meet people from other countries or even using a different lifestyle than you. This is sometimes a good chance to learn more about the culture and religion of somebody you’ve fulfilled, which can be a fantastic approach to build a long-lasting friendship or romance.

eHarmony is an online dating service that focuses on complementing members in accordance to their persona and compatibility. This service combines a series of assessments and persona tests to ensure that you find someone who is truly the best match suitable for you.

Dating Expectations — Don’t Turn yourself into For Failure

When seeing, you must make it a point not to established unrealistic desires. This can cause disastrous times and annoyed feelings. It will also make you squander your time. Whilst it is possible to create a romantic relationship based upon your values, it is best to hold expectations natural. By establishing the right prospects, you will be able to judge the behavior for the person go right here you’re going out with. These suggestions should sign up for all areas of your existence, not just online dating.

Some of the most prevalent unrealistic expectations include looking to change your spouse-to-be’s values for use in your own. For example , you may want your partner as the same as you, or become the same way. A further unrealistic requirement is wanting your partner to become perfect. While Tony Robbins says, “Perfect is the opposing forces of good. inch Don’t turn yourself into for failing by setting unrealistic beliefs. If you want the relationship to last, don’t set yourself up for letdown.

You may not realize it, but your expectations determine how strong or low a romantic relationship will become. Great expectations can cause an irritated and discouraging date. Furthermore, these kinds of expectations may affect your understanding of the other person and your feelings about them. Should your expectations are very high, you may end up becoming overly that come with someone, which can be a formula for devastation. Therefore , you need to set decent expectations to your dates.

Gps device your financial objectives. For example , for anybody who is looking for a partner who earns a lot of money, avoid expect those to be able to survive a credit card. Also, have a tendency expect to acquire unlimited funds or unrestricted free time. Quite, set natural and feasible goals, which will help you attract people who want to be with you. Once you’ve establish your anticipations, you can support each other and prevent misunderstandings later on.

Physical contact over a date could be subtle although not unwelcome. In the event that things are running nicely, it’s fine to make a tiny advance, when things are not going well, they have fine to politely tell them that you’re not feeling it. Likewise, you shouldn’t help to make physical contact on a first time frame unless occur to be sure that you can feel comfortable with that individual.

Your internet dating expectations could be a source of disagreement and animosity if you are unable to fulfill these people. However , should you be careful and communicate your desires in an open and honest approach, you can prevent these issues. Having high specifications and reasonable targets will help you steer clear of these challenges and keep the romantic relationship healthy. Additionally it is a good idea to build boundaries. If you are not mindful, your desires may turn in a chronic origin of conflict.

In general, dating outlook should not be too high or low. You should be capable to meet the person of your dreams. Being too picky isn’t a good idea because it will only trigger you agony. Broadening your dating pool area can be a good thing, however, you should never limit yourself to simply a person type. Keep in mind that God provided you sound judgment, so don’t allow dating desires limit the happiness.

It might be important to do not forget that human relationships happen to be messy. It will have times when you let an individual down. In such a circumstance, don’t fault them, although try to produce amends. Remember, if the marriage ends in an explanation, try to study from it and make changes in the future. By doing this, you can generate a healthy romantic relationship. When you have high targets for your relationship, try to harmony them with sensible ones.

Mit Lobbywatch auf Stadtwanderung

Ich war zu Besuch bei der «Konkurrenz». Denn auch «Lobbywatch» führt, wie ich selber auch, Stadtwanderungen zum Lobbyismus in Bern durch. Mein Bericht.

Otto Hofstettler und Thomas Angeli sind im Hauptamt Redaktoren beim «Beobachter». Seit rund 10 Jahren betätigen sie sich im ehrenamtlichen Nebenamt auch als Lobby-Beobachter.
Angefangen hat das mit der Schaffung einer Datenbank, die bestrebt war, Licht ins Wirrwarr der Interessenbindungen von Parlamentsmitgliedern zu bringen. Darauf aufbauend ist Lobbywatch entstanden. Hinzu gekommen sind die beliebten Stadtrundgänge meist während der Legislaturperiode, die aus der Aktualität berichten.
Das ist die absolute Stärke der Führungen von Lobbywatch. Konkret, anschaulich und gut verständlich. Nicht alles bleibt unbestritten, was die beiden Aktivisten recherchieren und berichtet. Aber man nimmt zwischenzeitlich vieles gelassener.

Die Hierarchie der Anlässe
Zu den Besonderheiten der gestrigen Führungen zählte, dass auch der grüne Nationalrat Felix Wettstein teilnahm. Er selber war vor der Wahl ins Parlament Kinder-Lobbyist und schafft seit seiner Wahl auf der eigenen Webseite regelmässig Transparenz, was während den Sessionen in Bern so geht. Vor allem erklärte der Solothurner gestern die symbolische Bedeutung der Gastronomie für die Interessenvertretung: Werden die ParlamentarierInnen ins Bellevue-Palace eingeladen, handle es sich um einen erstklassigen Anlass. Zweitklassig sei es, wenn man sich beispielsweise im Lorenzini oder in der Schmiedstube treffe. In beiden Fällen gäbe es immer gutes Essen und meist auch informative Gespräche. Finde der Anlass dagegen direkt im Bundeshaus selber statt, sei er dritt- oder vierklassig, auf rasche Abwicklung der Geschäfte ausgerichtet, und es gäbe Sandwiches.

Orte des Lobbyings
Begonnen hat alles auf dem Bundesplatz, wo die Führung auch endete. Dazwischen machten man halt, wo sich Verbände ihren Lobbying-Sitz in Bern haben, wo professionelle Agentur tätig sind oder wo man sich zum ungezwungenen Gedankenaustausch trifft.
So an der Hotelgasse, wo es um die Einflussnahme auf die Rauchergesetzgebung gehe.
So vor DigitalSwitzerland, wo man die private eID unterstützt habe.
So vor der Schmiedstube, wo sich die Landwirtschaftslobby regelmässig treffe.
So vor dem Schweizerhof, wo Apple, iPhones und Kreislaufwirtschaft zusammen kommen.
Oder so vor der Agentur furrerhugi, wo man eine Kampagne zur Versorgungssicherheit mit Strom konzipiert habe.
Stets ging es um ein konkretes Beispiel aus den jüngsten Parlamentsverhandlung, die der Einflussnahme durch Verbände, Interessengruppen oder (ausländischen) Firmen ausgesetzt gewesen seien.

Umstrittener Einfluss des Lobbyings
Wie weit Beeinflussung reicht, wurde aber nicht immer klar. Das lag nicht an den Stadtführern, sondern an der Sache selber.
Offensichtlich wurde der Einfluss bei den Abstimmungen über die Agrarinitiativen 2021 und die im Parlament gebodigt neue Agrarpolitik. Weniger eindeutig war es aber bei der eID, die in der Abstimmung an einer gut gemachten Kampagne aus der Zivilgesellschaft scheiterte. Nochmals anders liegt der Fall beim Raucherschutz, wo zwei Lager einander gegenüberstanden, die sich beide mit Lobbying verstärkt hatten und so auch streckenweise neutralisierten. Schliesslich wurde die Kampagne zur Versorgungssicherheit vorzeitig publik, was ihr einen Teil der Wirkung nahm. Bei der Kreislaufwirtschaft hielten die zwei Lobby-Aktivisten schlicht fest, ausländischen Akteure fehle häufig das Wissen für die Feinmechanik der hiesigen politischen Prozesse.

Was sich bei den Wahlen 2023 ändert
Optimistisch zeigt sich Lobbywatch für die Zukunft. In die öffentliche Diskussion über die Einflussnahme Privater auf die Politik sei Bewegung gekommen. Die Transparenzinitiative habe die alten Fronten aufgeweicht. Sie wurde zwischenzeitlich sogar zurückgezogen, weil das Parlament selber einen tragfähigen indirekten Gegenvorschlag ausgearbeitet hat. Der werde bei den Wahlen 2023 erstmals zum Tragen kommen. Er sei zwar von rotgrüner Seite initiiert worden. Dank jüngeren Parlamentarier und Parlamentarierinnen aus den bürgerlichen Parteien mit einem neuen Lobby-Verständnis mehrheitsfähig geworden. Das werde die Zukunft bestimmen.

Zu einseitig auf das Parlament ausgerichtete Führung
Selber habe ich den Rundgang als lehrreich erlebt, selbst wenn ich den fast ausschliesslichen Focus mit der Einflussnahme auf das Parlament nicht teile. Beim Warten auf die Führung auf dem Bundesplatz, habe ich per Zufall einen zurückgetretenen Parlamentarier getroffen. Seine Diagnose war typisch – und anders: Mit der Professionalisierung der Politik habe eine krasse Verlagerung der politischen Entscheidungen Richtung Exekutive, sprich Bundesrat und Verwaltung, stattgefunden. Zudem wächst der Einfluss des hybrid gewordenen Mediensystems auf die Gestaltung der vorherrschenden öffentlichen Meinung. Beides hat die Parlamentsarbeit relativiert. Doch darüber schwieg sich die Wanderung leider fast ganz aus.

#BrennpunktDemokratie: der Durchbruch zur Demokratie von 1848

Sie hatte ihre Stärken, aber auch Schwächen. Die Bundesverfassung von 1848 brachte dem Land die ersten demokratischen Wahlen, schuf einen Binnenmarkt mit dem Franken als Einheitswährung, wahrte aber Eigenheiten der Kantone. Aus heutiger Sicht kritisiert werden muss, dass es noch kein ständiges Bundesgericht und damit eine entwickelte Gewaltenteilung gab und die Menschenrecht für Juden nicht galten.

Meine 8teilige Serie zum Werden der Schweizer Demokratie für #Swissinfo macht Fortschritte. Sie verbindet immer ein Thema mit einem Ort. Heute ist die 3. Station erschienen, die in Bern, der Bundesstadt seit 1848, spielt.
Hier meine Ausführungen in Text und Video.
(Samt Link zu den ersten beiden Folgen)

Weitere Sprachen
(ES) La constitución suiza: un compromiso entre democracia y federalismo
(PT) Constituição suíça: um compromisso entre democracia e o federalismo
(ZH) 瑞士宪法-民主原则与联邦制的完美结合
(AR) الدستور السويسري.. حلّ وسط بين الديمقراطية والفدرالية
(JA) スイス連邦憲法―民主主義と連邦制の妥協
Französisch und Italienisch folgen am 10. Juni.

Pfingstmontag 1874: Der Streik bei der Liberté, den die Paulusschwestern für sich entschieden

Man schrieb den 6. April 1874. Es war Pfingstmontag. In der Druckerei der jungen Freiburger “Liberté” streikten die Typographen.

La Liberté, 1871 als Kriegsmaschine gegen den Bundesstaat gegründet, machte mit den Paulussschwestern schwer Karriere

Ausgelöst wurde der Streik durch Informationen von Berufskollegen aus Lyon, dass sich eine Freiburger Delegation mit katholischen Schwester in der Druckerei des örtlichen “Télégraphe” befänden. Sie sollten als Setzerinnen ausgebildet werden, um bald die Setzarbeit in der Druckereien der “Liberté” zu übernehmen.
Doch der Streik kam zu spät. Denn die Schwestern waren bereits wieder in Freiburg und gewährleisteten als Streikbrecherinnen das ordentliche Erscheinen der führenden katholischen Tageszeitung in der französischsprachigen Schweiz an diesem Pfingstwochenende.

Der Kulturkampf
Die Schweiz war damals tief gespalten. Es war die Zeit des Kulturkampfes zwischen der katholischen Kirche und dem liberalen Bundesstaat. Der war dabei, die Bundesverfassung von 1848 zu revidieren.
Ein erster Versuch war 1872 an den Bestrebungen zur Zentralisierung gescheitert. Mit dem zweiten Anlauf wollte die freisinnige Mehrheit die welschen Föderalisten für sich gewinnen; gegenüber den Kulturkämpfern blieb man aber hart.
Am 19. April 1874 sagten 63 Prozent der Stimmenden und 13,5 Kanton Ja zur neuen Bundesverfassung. Sie brachte ein ständiges Bundesgericht und das Referendumsrecht. Doch postulierte sie auch konfessionelle Ausnahme, unter anderem das Verbot der Neugründung von Klöstern und Orden.

Das Pauluswerk
Der Freiburger Chorherr Joseph Schorderet fakelte nicht lange. Im Juni versammelte er sechs junge Frauen in der Kirche St. Nikolaus, der heutigen Kathedrale, um ihnen ein Gelübde abzunehmen: “Nous sommes décidées à consacrer notre vie toute entière à la Restauration du régne de J.C. Nous choissions ce moyen si puissant de la Presse, nous nous lions devant J.C. par les liens sacrées de la Pauvreté volontaire, de la pureté de l’âme et le l’obéissance et nous sommes décidées à fonder uns Congrégation ou Order religieux apostoloqier secret de la Presse par amour de J.C.”
Gegründet wurde so das Pauluswerk.
Historikerin Seraina Flury schrieb 2001 in den “Freiburger Geschichtsblättern”, die Gründung des Freiburger Pauluswerk sei eine Besonderheit gewesen. Im 19. Jahrhundert seien zahlreiche Kongregationen wie jene der Schwestern von Ingenbohl oder Menzingen zu Bildung katholischer Frauen entstanden. Doch keine habe einen so direkten Grund gehabt wie die der Paulusschwestern. Im Vordergrund sei eindeutig die finanzielle desolate Situation der Liberté gestanden.
Auch 20 Jahre nach Bestehen verfügten die Paulusschwestern über keinerlei Konstitutionen und hingen kirchenrechtlich in der Luft; einzig das Charisma des umtriebigen Gründers sowie das Organisationsgeschick der Leiterinnen vermochten die religiöse Gemeinschaft zusammenzuhalten.
Erst 1892 erhielten die Paulusschwester eine kongregationsähnliche Struktur, die es den Schwestern erlaubte, gesetzlich legal und wirtschaftlich politisch zu handeln.

Die “Christliche Republik”
Der Aufstieg war bereits in den 1880er Jahren erfolgt. 1881 übernahmen die Konservativen nach den kantonalen Wahlen die Macht. 1884 wurde Georges Python National- und 1886 Staatsrat. Und er wurde auch Verwaltungsratspräsident des Pauluswerkes.
Als starker Mann der Freiburger Politik war Python der eigentliche Regierungschef für die kommenden knapp 20 Jahr. Er baute den Kanton zur “Hochburg des schweizerischen Katholizismus” aus, wie die “Geschichte des Kantons Freiburg” 1981 bilanzierte.
Zu den zentralen Medien der “Christlichen Republik” wurden die Universität und die Tageszeitung: “La Liberté unterstützte als regierungstreues Blatt das Machtmonopol der Konservativen; im Gegenzug bevorzugt die staatliche Verwaltung bei der Vergabe von Aufträgen die Katholische Druckerei sowie die 1886 entstandene Paulusdruckerei. (…). Für weitere Aufträge sorgte zudem die 1889 gegründete Universität”, schreibt Historikerin Flury.
Vor den Ersten Weltkrieg hätten die beiden Druckereien zu den 10 grössten Wirtschaftsunternehmen des Kantons gehört.

Der neue Postillon zu den Wahlen 1911: Georges Python überrennt unterstützt von seiner Gefolgschaft mit der Freiburger Kuh Liberale und Gewerkschaften

Gewerkschaftlicher Protest gegen ein Frauenunternehmen
Den verdrängten Gewerkschaften blieb nur der verbale Protest: “Saint-Paul est l’imprimerie officielle du gourvernement catholique-ultramontain fribourgeois, que tous les travau de l’Etat s’y confecionnent. L’Etat y trouve un gros avantage surtout au point vue politique, car le parti au pouvoirs y a également recours pour tout son battage électoral”, hielten sie 1919 im Rückblick fest.
1892 wurde das Pauluswerk übrigens Mehrheitsaktionärin der Katholischen Druckerei Schweiz. Uebernommen wurden nebst der Setzerei auch die Administration und Buchhaltung der Druckerei.
1934 fusionierten beide Unternehmen. Drei Paulusschwestern nahmen Einsitz im Verwaltungsrat.
Immerhin 2018 nahmen die Freiburger Kantonalbank und der weitgehend staatliche Energieversorger Groupe E. zusammen 30 Prozent der Aktion – um die Medienvielfalt im Kanton Freiburg ohne grosse Renditeerwartungen zu sichern.


Mehr zur Entstehung des Pauluswerks:

The Basics of the Sugar Daddy Sugar Baby Relationship

The sugar daddy sugar baby relationship is a mutually beneficial, frequently long-term, financial layout between a sugar daddy (an older guy with wealth) and a glucose baby (a younger woman). This blend allows college students to make it through school when providing the funds they need to pay out their education loan debts.

There are a variety of reasons for a sugardaddy to seek out a sugars baby, nevertheless the most common types are for the purpose of financial gain, company, and mentorship. It’s really a rewarding encounter, but it also techniques some risks with regards to both parties engaged.

Whether you are a sugardaddy or a glucose baby, it is crucial to know an overview of this kind of dating. Using this method, you can avoid pitfalls and get the most away of your relationship.

First of all, you must establish a set of clear goals for the marriage. These ought to include things like what you want away of your sugardaddy and the form of relationship you would like to have. Be honest with yourself and your sugar daddy about what you need out of the relationship, and come together to achieve all those goals.

Make sure your anticipations are sensible, and that you will be open to the thought of changing all of them if needed. This will make sure that you are happy with the end result.

The best first impression is vital to the success of a sugar daddy relationship. Consequently showing your sugar daddy just how nice you are and treating him well through the entire entire method.

When assembly your sugar daddy pertaining to the first time, try to consult him a lot of problems about his lifestyle and interests. This will help to you to evaluate his individuality and identify in the event that he would be described as a good meet for you.

In addition , take note of his social networking occurrence, as this could give you a good idea of what kind of person he could be. Ideally, any sugar daddy will need to manage to post images of him with his friends and family and friends.

If this individual does not, make an effort to ask him to send you some images of himself with friends. You may find these photos interesting and they will help you to judge whether he is the correct guy for yourself.

Another important thing to remember is that you should never consult your sugar daddy to save anything for you. This may be a huge risk, and you should usually take it into account.

If perhaps he really does ask for a great allowance, be tactful and polite, nevertheless make sure to response problem with a distinct and confident affirmation. You want him to comprehend that you are able to work hard for the money he gives you, nonetheless it is up to him to decide how much of it he wants to provide you with. This is the proper way to ensure that both of you be pleased with your new marriage.

Medienplatz Freiburg

Am 14. Juni 2022 geht meine Stadtwanderung zum Medienplatz Freiburg über die Bühne. Vergangenheit, Gegenwart und (etwas Zukunft) kommen zur Sprache.

Die Premiere findet als exklusive Führung für die Mitglieder der SRG Freiburg statt. Ich weiss, nicht alles, was man sagen könnte, kommt zur Sprache.
Bei Interesse soll die Wanderung geöffnet und weitergeführt werden.
Hier schon mal die erste Route.

1. Equilibre: die Vielfalt der fast unsichtbar gewordenen Medien
2. Jo Siffert Brunnen (von Jean Tinguely): Was eigentlich sind Medien?
3. Pauluswerk: die schwarze Vergangenheit, die sich aufgehellt hat: La Liberté
4. Lüthy.Kanisiusbuchhandlung: von der Gegenreformation zum Frauenkollektiv
5. RTS: Die Nation interessiert sich für Freiburg.
6. Freiburger Nachrichten: Zeitungen im zweisprachigen Kanton
7. Place Python: die Christliche Republik und ihre Medien
8. Rathaus: Freiburg – was für ein Mediensystem!?

Ich freue mich!


Web based Relationship Sites

Online romance sites could be an increasingly popular method to meet people. They will allow you to search for people who are also looking for a date, and are frequently free. They also offer a variety of ways to communicate with potential dates, such as email or text messaging.

They are really a great way to fulfill people who reveal your beliefs and values. If you are looking for a particular date with an individual who’s religious, or simply someone to cling out with, websites like these can help you find the correct person.

These sites can be a great location to meet lonely women in your area just who don’t live close by. Should you be a busy specialist, these sites may help for finding time to meet man.

One of the best reasons for having these sites is they can match you with 1000s of potential consorts who have a similar interests just like you. This makes it easier to find a meet.

Christian Associate is among the best online dating sites for Christians since it is dedicated to assisting members find partners who all are spiritually suitable. The site has got over 2. 5 , 000, 000 users globally, as well as exclusive community helps individuals meet others with very similar beliefs.

Another great factor about Christian Mingle is that it doesn’t assess its individuals or their particular faith. This suggests you could discuss topics like faith, baptism, and holy matrimony without needing to consider any common sense from other people.

Is important to notice, however , the particular sites are definitely not a substitute meant for face-to-face communication. While you can talk through email or text, a real-life satisfy is the only method to really become familiar with someone and find out if they are a good match suitable for you.

There are many croatian mail order brides types of online relationship sites, so it is necessary to choose the one that ideal you. It is additionally a good idea to prevent signing up for more than one web page because it can take up a whole lot of your time.

OkCupid may be a website and app designed to make it easy for you to find to start a date. It uses a questionnaire to determine the compatibility among both you and other people. The answers to this quiz are used to generate a “compatibility get. ” After getting your match ups score, you may look through single profiles of others and make a decision who you want to message first of all.

You can even employ this site in order to meet people from a different nation or even having a different tradition than you. This is sometimes a good possibility to learn more about the culture and religion of someone you’ve found, which can be a good method to build a long-lasting friendship or romantic relationship.

eHarmony is a web based dating service that focuses on coordinating members as per to their individuality and match ups. This service combines a series of testing and persona assessments to ensure that you find someone who is truly the best match available for you.